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Ear Infections (Acute Otitis Media) In Children

What is an ear infection?
Does my child have the risk factors?
What are ear infection symptoms?
How is an ear infection diagnosed?
What are the treatment options?
What are the complications of ear infection?
How do I prevent ear infection?


The content on the Nairobi ENT website is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your own physician or other qualified health care professional regarding any medical questions or conditions.


  1. Scott-Brown’s Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. 7th UK: Hodder-Arnold; 2008, vol 1, page 880.
  2. Kiama AM. Prevalence of Otitis Media with effusion in children with obstructive adenoid disease compared with normal controls in Kenyatta National Hospital. (Unpublished data). 2014.
  3. Mugweneza A. Risk factors for otitis media with effusion in children at Kenyatta National Hospital. (Unpublished data). 2015.
  4. Kalu, Stella U., et al. “Clinical spectrum of acute otitis media complicating upper respiratory tract viral infection.” The Pediatric infectious disease journal2 (2011): 95.
  5. Coco, Andrew, et al. “Management of acute otitis media after publication of the 2004 AAP and AAFP clinical practice guideline.” Pediatrics2 (2010): 214-220.
  6. Hoberman, Alejandro, et al. “Treatment of acute otitis media in children under 2 years of age.” New England Journal of Medicine2 (2011): 105-115
  7. Schilder, Anne GM, et al. “Panel 7: Otitis Media: Treatment and Complications.” Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery4_suppl (2017): S88-S105
  8. Acute otitis media. 2013.

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