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Nasopharyngeal cancer

Disclaimer The content on the Nairobi ENT website is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your own physician or other qualified health care professional regarding any medical questions or conditions. References The NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) for Head and […]

Oropharyngeal cancer

What is oropharyngeal cancer? The oropharynx is the part of the throat right behind the mouth. Water and food pass through it on their way to the trachea (wind pipe) and oesophagus (food pipe). It is composed of the soft palate (soft portion of the roof of the mouth), tonsils, back of tongue and side […]

Acute sinusitis

What is acute sinusitis? Rhinosinusitis, more commonly called sinusitis, is inflammation of the sinuses. Sinuses are hollow areas in the bones of the face and head that are connected to the nose through small narrow channels. When they get blocked or filled up with fluid, viruses or bacteria may cause infection. There are two types: […]

Chronic sinusitis

What is chronic sinusitis? Rhinosinusitis, more commonly called sinusitis, is inflammation of the sinuses. Sinuses are hollow areas in the bones of the face and head that are connected to the nose through small narrow channels. When they get blocked or filled up with fluid, viruses or bacteria may cause infection. There are two types: […]

Rinsing out your nose with salt water flushes

Overview Rinsing out your nose with salt water is also called nasal saline irrigation or nasal saline lavage. Salt water washes help in: Wash out dry thick mucus Wash away things that trigger allergies like pollen, mold spores or dirt Improve the function of cilia which clear up the sinuses Reduce post nasal drip Make […]

Nose fracture

What is a nose fracture? Trauma to the nose can fracture the nasal skeleton or the cartilage. There are different patterns of nose fractures depending on the direction (side or front) and the strength of the force (moderate or severe) applied. Is a nose fracture serious? If the bone is only cracked, the fracture is […]

Nosebleeds

Why do people get nosebleeds? It is alarming for you or your child to nosebleed. However, most are not serious despite bleeding from the nose been a common condition. The most common causes are nose picking or irritation of the lining of your nose due to dry air, common cold or sinusitis. The most crucial […]

Trigger avoidance in allergic rhinitis

Disclaimer The content on the Nairobi ENT website is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your own physician or other qualified health care professional regarding any medical questions or conditions. References Wallace, Dana V., et al. “The diagnosis and management of rhinitis: an […]

Glue ear (otitis media with effusion)

What is glue ear? Glue ear, also called ear fluid or otitis media with effusion (OME), is a build-up of mucus or fluid behind the middle ear. It is a common childhood condition and affects majority of children at least once by the 5 years of age. What is the difference between glue ear and […]

Ear infections (otitis media) in children

Overview Ear infections, also called otitis media, are a common problem in children. About 50 percent of infants have at least one ear infection by their first birthday. Ear infections can cause pain in the ear, fever, and temporary hearing loss and general signs such as loss of appetite and irritability. Some children get better […]