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Speech pathology services for children

What services are offered?

Speech pathologist offer services suitable for children having difficulty with speech, language and literacy. This includes:

  • Speech (pronunciation/ articulation, stuttering/stammering, voice disorders)
  • Language (understanding and talking)
  • Aural rehabilitation (hearing loss, developing listening skills)
  • Sound awareness
  • Reading and literacy

Does my child have a speech problem?

Speech disorders occur when a child has:

  • Difficulty producing speech sounds correctly
  • Difficulty producing speech sounds fluently
  • Problems with voice
  • Difficulty understanding
  • Substitutes or omits sounds when talking
  • Strenuous interaction with others

Does my child have a language problem?

Language disorders occur when a child has:

  • Trouble understanding others (receptive language)
  • Difficulty expressing thoughts, ideas and feelings (expressive language)
  • Frustration when explaining
  • Trouble organising words into sentences
  • Distress when making friends or socializing with others
  • Laboured reading or writing
  • Strenuous recall of stories or events (story seems disjointed, misses important details about events or details)
  • Impediments to remaining on topic

Does my child have a literacy problem?

Literacy problems are evident when the child has:

  • Difficulty reading, writing and spelling
  • Demonstrates slow progress in reading level
  • Shows difficulty in identifying rhyming words or counting syllables
  • Takes a long time to read or struggles with reading for meaning

Voice

Voice disorders are suspected when the voice is:

  • Very high or very low pitch
  • Too loud
  • Husky all the time
  • Sounds nasal all the

Stuttering/Stammering

Problems with fluency of speech are demonstrated when the child:

  • Appears to get stuck on a sound and can’t get it out (blocks)
  • Repeats sounds, words or parts of a phrase (e.g ggggggo to the bus)
  • Experiences secondary characteristics such as facial grimacing, excessive eye blinking, excessive head movement or avoidance of particular words when talking)

Behaviour

Questions on behavioural disorders arise when the child:

  • Is inattentive and restless in listening situations
  • Needs frequent assistance or direction from adults to complete a task
  • Needs extra time to respond and organize response when required to speak
  • Needs assistance following routines in class, appears disorganized (forgets homework, loses pens etc)

Disclaimer

The content on the Nairobi ENT website is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your own physician or other qualified health care professional regarding any medical questions or conditions.

References

  1. American speech-language hearing association

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